The Dual Foundationalist

The Objective Will places no value or allegiance before its own adherence to reality.


Dual Foundationalism and the Core of Objectivist Logic An ordered, thematic collection of articles regarding what I take to be an important development in Objectivist Epistemology. The two interdependent foundations for human knowledge and cognition. The sense in which each foundation preceeds the other. The twelve central epistemic norms which properly guide human cognition. Their basis in causal law as it applies to a volitional awareness. The logical order and classification of these norms.

Inspired, in part, by the work of Ayn Rand (as the originator of Objectivism, for her identification of the role of axiomatic concepts, the primacy of existence, centrality of the standard of objectivity, and for her theory of concept-formation), and Dr. Leonard Peikoff (for his identification of the hierarchical structure of the Objectivist Metaphysics as presented in the all-too-often ignored tape lecture series OBJECTIVISM: The State of the Art, his identification of the role of reduction and integration in logic, and his explanation of the philosophic problem of seeming-circularity). I am also heavily indebted to Dr. David Kelley (for his explanation of how Objectivism makes use of a first-person perspective in its analysis of the subject/object-relationship, for his defense of perception as the metaphysical level of man's awareness and as the perception of physical entities, and for his use of the norm of self-referential coherence in his treatise The Evidence of the Senses), and Dr. Harry Binswanger (for his explication of the Objectivist theory of volition in the pamphlet Volition as Cognitive Self-Regulation (see especially his explanation of the motive for the act of being in focus), his explanation of how the standard of value avoids the pitfall of intrinsicism (which is clearly analogous to the standard of objectivity), and his explanation of reciprocal causation in the context of life (see his treatise The Biological Basis of Telelogical Concepts), which I found particularly illuminating in the realm of human cognition).

The Basic Idea Behind Dual Foundationalism
The Basis for Epistemic Normativity/ Notes
A Distinction Regarding Justification
The Nature of Epistemic Norms
The Core of Objectivist Logic
Reference Tables

The Problem of Universals [NOTE: This article is on a different server] A hypertextual article (~40 pages of material divided among 8 webpages, excluding material on Hume) in which all major schools on the problem of universals (extreme nominalism, moderate realism, moderate nominalism, and extreme realism) are explained and criticized. I cover many of their variations, including resemblance theory, the conventionalist theory, the onion-skin theory, etc.. The article includes a lengthy analysis of David Hume's stand, showing it to be inconsistent, but it is possible for the reader to skip the material on Hume if he is not one of their interests. The logic is rigorous, the language simple, and concrete examples are used.


The Survivalist/Flourisher-Dichotomy An article in which I begin to lay the foundations for a synthesis of the survivalist and flourisher interpretations of the standard of value.

Objectivism: Link Pages to Sites on the Philosophy and the Movement The most recent version of this is now located on a different server.

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1996, 1997, 1998 by Timothy D. Chase. All rights reserved.

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